ParaPro Writing Practice Test

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Question 1

Which underlined section of the text below contains an error?

What the monkey don't realizeA, though, was thatB the banana was C just bait to lure him to D the back of his cage.

A
don’t realize
B
was that
C
banana was
D
him to
Question 1 Explanation: 
Answer choice (A) is correct because “don’t” is the verb form of “do not” that one would use with a plural noun. Since there is only one monkey, the correct form of the word to use is “doesn’t.”
Question 2

Which underlined section of the text below contains an error?

The Boston Red Sox A won the B World Series in 2004 after C 83 years without a titelD.

A
Boston Red Sox
B
won the
C
in 2004 after
D
a titel
Question 2 Explanation: 
Answer choice (D) is correct because the word "title" is spelled wrong in the sentence.
Question 3

Which underlined section of the text below contains an error?

How many times do I have A to tell you. B Do not leave the room C while the stove is still on! D

A
do I have
B
you.
C
leave the room
D
the stove is still on!
Question 3 Explanation: 
Answer choice (B) is correct because the first sentence is a question, so there should be a question mark at the end instead of a period.
Question 4

Which underlined section of the text below contains an error?

Rosita let A the woman behind her go first B at the checkout counter because she had less C items in her cart than Rosita. D

A
Rosita let
B
her go first
C
had less
D
than Rosita
Question 4 Explanation: 
Answer choice (C) is correct because the proper word to use in the sentence is “fewer,” not “less.” When referring to multiple items, the correct word is fewer; when referring to an amount of one item, the correct word is less (He has less water in his glass than me).
Question 5

Which of the following sentences does not contain a preposition?

A
Jimmy took his book off the table.
B
Jawan tucked his shirt into his pants.
C
Mark cannot identify the problem.
D
Shirley spent her money on candy.
Question 5 Explanation: 
A preposition is a word that describes the relationship between a verb and an object. Answer choice (C) is correct because it does not contain a preposition, like “off” (A), “into” (B), and “on” (D).
Question 6

Which of the following words is spelled correctly?

A
Desparate
B
Consolt
C
Grane
D
Betray
Question 6 Explanation: 
Answer choice (D) is correct because it is the only word that is spelled correctly. “Desparate” should be spelled “Desperate” (A); “Consolt” should be spelled “Consult” (B); and “Grane” should be spelled “Grain” (C).
Question 7

Identify the subject in the following sentence.

The more Jack thought about his guitar, the more he realized how much it had become a part of him.

A
guitar
B
Jack
C
he
D
thought
Question 7 Explanation: 
The subject of the sentence is the person or thing that the sentence is about; the person or thing that is acting or in a state of being in the sentence. In this sentence, answer choice (B) is correct because Jack is the one who is thinking about his guitar. Answer choice (A) is a direct object, answer choice (C) is a pronoun, and answer choice (D) is a verb.
Question 8

Which underlined section of the text below contains an error?

Some say the term A “Renaissance man” were inspired B solely by Leonardo Da Vinci,Ca man famous for having a diverse D set of talents and skills.

A
the term
B
were inspired
C
,
D
for having a diverse
Question 8 Explanation: 
Answer choice (B) is correct because the sentence uses the plural version of were, even though the subject, the term “Renaissance man,” is a singular term.
Question 9

Which underlined section of the text below contains an error?

Sammy and Tyrone ran A outside so they could B chase after the C ice cream truck on there D bikes.

A
ran
B
so they could
C
after the
D
there
Question 9 Explanation: 
The correct answer is answer choice (D) because the writer uses the wrong form of the word “there” in the sentence. The bikes belong to Sammy and Tyrone, so the correct word to use would be “their.” “There" refers to a direction.
Question 10

Identify the adverb in the following sentence.

Yakira blindly grabbed for her green water bottle and knocked it off the table onto the ground.

A
grabbed
B
Yakira
C
blindly
D
green
Question 10 Explanation: 
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, and adjective, or another adverb in a sentence. In the sentence in question, the adverb “blindly” modifies the verb “grabbed.” How did she grab for the water bottle? She grabbed for it “blindly.”
Question 11

Which underlined section of the text below contains an error?

Its A time for the dog to go B outside and C do its D business.

A
Its
B
dog to go
C
outside and
D
its
Question 11 Explanation: 
This sentence shows us the two different ways to use the word “its.” When the word is a contraction of “it” and “is,” as in answer choice (A), the word gets an apostrophe (“It’s”). When the word is meant to be possessive, as in answer choice (D), the word does not get an apostrophe (meaning that answer choice (D) contains no errors).
Question 12

Which of the following words is spelled incorrectly?

A
Opportunity
B
Abutment
C
Examinasion
D
Salivary
Question 12 Explanation: 
Answer choice C is correct because the word should be spelled “examination.”
Question 13

According to traditional grammar, what would be considered the predicate of the following sentence?

Samir and his grandmother went to the bank.

A
went to the bank
B
Samir and his grandmother
C
Samir and his grandmother went
D
to the bank
Question 13 Explanation: 
The predicate of a sentence is the combination of the verb, preposition, and object in the sentence. In this case, the verb is “went,” the prepositional phrase is “to the,” and the object is “bank.” This makes answer choice (A) the correct answer.
Question 14

Identify the conjunction in the following sentence.

Dinesh, your mom and dad are here to pick you up and take you to the concert!

A
to the concert
B
and
C
pick you up
D
Dinesh
Question 14 Explanation: 
A conjunction is a transitional word that links two phrases or clauses together. In this case, the conjunction “and” is used twice: once to link two people in a list, and once to link the independent and dependent clauses in the sentence.
Question 15

Which underlined section of the text below contains an error?

Whenever it A rains a lot outside, BAbuela Maria complains that C her leg ache.D

A
Whenever it
B
,
C
complains that
D
ache.
Question 15 Explanation: 
Answer choice (D) is correct because the noun “leg” is singular, and it needs a singular verb, which would be “aches.”
Question 16

Read the sentence below, and then identify the word that fits best grammatically in the blank.

If you don’t clean up this room, ______ not going to be allowed to go to the dance.

A
you're
B
your'e
C
yore
D
your
Question 16 Explanation: 
Answer choice (A) is correct because the sentence needs the contraction form of “you’re,” which means “you are.” Answer choice (D) might be tempting, but “your” is possessive rather than a contraction. “Yore” (B) means long ago, which doesn’t fit in the sentence, and “your’e” (C) is not a word.
Question 17

Which underlined section of the text below contains an error?

Margaret,Awants to go to B the movies with Ebony,Cwho really wants to see D the new horror movie.

A
,
B
to go to
C
,
D
wants to see
Question 17 Explanation: 
Answer choice (A) is correct because it doesn’t make sense for the reader to pause between the subject and verb of the sentence. Answer choice (C) might be tempting, but the dependent clause that follows the second comma is a parenthesis, which should be offset by a comma. The easiest way to spot this is the use of the word “who”, which functions as a pronoun reintroducing “Ebony.”
Question 18

Identify the subject in the following sentence.

The red bike rolled down the hill to Mario’s house with no one riding on top of it.

A
hill
B
Mario
C
bike
D
house
Question 18 Explanation: 
Answer choice (C) is the correct answer because the bike is the subject of the sentence; it is the main thing that is acting in the sentence. It may be tempting to choose answer choice (B) because Mario is the only person identified in the sentence. However, Mario isn’t doing anything in the sentence, he is only mentioned in regards to his house.
Question 19

Which of the following words is spelled correctly?

A
Antidote
B
Obstriction
C
Manafest
D
Carcas
Question 19 Explanation: 
Answer choice (A) is correct because it is the only word that is spelled correctly. Answer choice (B) should be spelled “Obstruction”; Answer choice (C) should be spelled “Manifest”; and answer choice (D) should be spelled “Carcass.”
Question 20

Identify the adjective in the following sentence.

Jonas threw the red ball to Sophia, who excitedly caught it and threw it.

A
threw
B
excitedly
C
it
D
red
Question 20 Explanation: 
An adjective is a word that describes or modifies a noun. Answer choice (D) is correct because “red” describes the ball, the noun in the sentence. Answer choice (A) is a verb; answer choice (B) is and adverb; and answer choice (C) is a pronoun.
Question 21

The teacher has asked students to create a works cited page for their essays. One student has written down four possible citations. Which of the following would be the correct way to cite the novel Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck according to MLA formatting rules?

A
Steinbeck, John. “Of Mice and Men.”
B
Steinbeck, John. Of Mice and Men.
C
“Of Mice and Men.” Steinbeck, John.
D
Of Mice and Men. Steinbeck, John.
Question 21 Explanation: 
In an MLA formatted essay, a citation should begin with the author’s last name, a comma, then their first name. After a period, the citation should then include the title of the work being cited. Answer choice (B) is correct because it follows this format, but also because it underlines the title of the novel, which is the proper way to punctuate the title of a novel. Answer choice (A) might be tempting because it follows the right format, but it uses quotation marks for the title of the novel, which is incorrect. Answer choices (C) and (D) simply don’t follow the right format.
Question 22

The teacher has asked students to write an essay about their summer. A student is having difficulty figuring out what to write about. Which of the following is an effective pre-writing strategy that will help them write their essay?

A
Have the student write a paragraph about what they did during the summer.
B
Give the student a graphic organizer that will help them brainstorm ideas.
C
Ask students to revise their essay to make it more informative.
D
Tell the student to write about a different topic.
Question 22 Explanation: 
Answer choice (B) is correct because a graphic organizer will help the student better understand what they are going to write about.
Question 23

The teacher has asked the students to write a summary of the first chapter of Lord of the Flies, by William Golding. A student has written four possible first sentences to their summary. Which of the following sentences is the best opening sentence for a summary?

A
In the first chapter of Lord of the Flies, Ralph and Piggy realize that their plane crashed on an island, and they try to call a meeting of all of the survivors.
B
In the first chapter of Lord of the Flies, Ralph is really mean to Piggy when he calls him “Piggy” even though Piggy asked him not to.
C
In the first chapter of Lord of the Flies, Ralph shows that he is a very good leader when he tries to call a meeting of survivors together.
D
In the first chapter of Lord of the Flies, I think that the boys are not going to be able to survive on the island without any parents.
Question 23 Explanation: 
Answer choice (A) is correct because it is the only sentence that functions as a true summary of the text. Answer choices (B) and (C) give the student’s opinion, which one would not write in a summary. Similarly, answer choice (D) suggests a prediction for what will happen to the boys, which is out of place in a summary.
Question 24

The teacher has asked the students to write a persuasive paragraph about whether a democracy or a monarchy is a better form of government. Which of the following is the most appropriate sentence starter for the assignment?

A
Democracies and monarchies are both great forms of government because…
B
A monarchy is a form of government that…
C
A democracy is a better form of government because…
D
America is a democracy, and…
Question 24 Explanation: 
Answer choice (C) is the correct answer because it is the only sentence starter that helps the student get into their persuasive stance immediately. Answer choices (A) and (B) are summary based, and answer choice (D) brings in America, which is not part of the assignment.
Question 25

The teacher has asked the students to write a research paper on Aristotle. Which of the following books would you suggest the student look?

A
Important Events of the Spanish Inquisition
B
Greek Mythology
C
The Origins of Philosophy
D
American History: Part 1
Question 25 Explanation: 
Answer choice (C) is the correct answer because Aristotle was a famous Ancient Greek philosopher. Answer choice (B) might be tempting because it has the word “Greek” in it, but Aristotle is not a part of Greek mythology, nor did he speak much about it.
Question 26

The teacher asked students to write an essay about the periodic table. A student wrote the following sentence in their essay.

The periodic table was A a chart that shows B people all of the periodic elements,Calong with some information about each oneD.

Which underlined section needs to be revised?

A
periodic table was
B
that shows
C
,
D
about each one
Question 26 Explanation: 
Answer choice (A) is correct because the verb in this phrase is written in the wrong tense. By changing “was” to “is,” the sentence will make more sense. It might be tempting to pick answer choice (B) because changing “shows” to “showed” will also fix the verb-tense problem. However, since the periodic table is still an existing document, it doesn’t make sense to use the past tense.
Question 27

Use the following passage to answer questions 27–28.

The teacher has asked students to read over the paragraphs they just wrote and revise them before handing them in. Here is what one student wrote.

The most important part of the war was D-Day, when allies went to France and fought Germany. This was a very deadly battle, but it helped the allied side fight back and begin to push Germans back to Germany. This was the turning point in the war. America went on to win World War II because of this.
 

The student asks you to help them find any mistakes. Which of the changes below would improve the clarity of sentence one?

A
D-Day was the most important part of the war because allies fought Germany.
B
The most important part of the war was when allies went to fight Germany in France. D-Day was important.
C
The most important part of World War II was D-Day, when allies went to France and fought Germany.
D
France fought Germany with the help of the allies on D-Day, which was the most important event in the war.
Question 27 Explanation: 
Answer choice (C) is correct because the sentence would be clearer if it clearly identified the war. This is especially important in the first sentence of the paragraph. Answer choice (A) takes out important details; answer choice (B) complicates the sentence by breaking it up in an awkward way; and answer choice (D) removes the important detail that D-Day was when the allies came to help France.
Question 28

The teacher has asked students to read over the paragraphs they just wrote and revise them before handing them in. Here is what one student wrote.

The most important part of the war was D-Day, when allies went to France and fought Germany. This was a very deadly battle, but it helped the allied side fight back and begin to push Germans back to Germany. This was the turning point in the war. America went on to win World War II because of this.
 

The teacher asks the student to identify what type of paragraph they have written. Which of the following best describes what kind of paragraph this student has crafted?

A
Persuasive
B
Informative
C
Expository
D
Summary
Question 28 Explanation: 
Answer choice (A) is correct because the student has written a paragraph that is meant to persuade readers to think D-Day was the most important event in World War II. An informative paragraph (B) would just describe what happened on D-Day with little to no opinion. An expository paragraph (C) would analyze the event using research, which isn’t exactly what this student has written. A summary paragraph (D), like an informative paragraph, would summarize the events rather than offer an opinion.
Question 29

Use the following passage to answer questions 29–30.

The teacher has asked students to write a letter to their congressman asking for a law to be changed. Here is what one student wrote:

Hey Congressman McCartner,

What’s up? I was hoping you could vote to change the gun laws. I think guns are bad and we need more gun control. Please vote for more gun control.

Thanks, Santos
 

What suggestion would you make to the student to make their letter more appropriate for the audience?

A
Be specific about what bill they want the congressman to vote on.
B
Avoid using personal pronouns.
C
Explain their opinion more explicitly.
D
Use formal language in the beginning of the letter.
Question 29 Explanation: 
Answer choice (D) is correct because the opening of the letter is not appropriate for a letter to a congressman. The student should change “Hey” and “What’s up?” to something that is more formal and respectful. This tone would work if the student was writing to a friend, but not if the student is writing to a congressman that they don’t know. Answer choice (B) might be tempting because formal writing doesn’t usually include personal pronouns, but it’s appropriate when someone writes a letter about their views on an issue.
Question 30

The teacher has asked students to write a letter to their congressman asking for a law to be changed. Here is what one student wrote:

Hey Congressman McCartner,

What’s up? I was hoping you could vote to change the gun laws. I think guns are bad and we need more gun control. Please vote for more gun control.

Thanks, Santos
 

The teacher asks the student to write more in their letter. Which of the following is the best question to ask to help the students draft more of their letter and revise what they have already written?

A
Why are you writing to the congressman?
B
Who is your audience?
C
What is another law besides gun control that you can ask the congressman about?
D
What is a specific bill that the congressman can vote on to provide more gun control?
Question 30 Explanation: 
Answer choice (D) is correct because it is the only question that will lead to the student writing more about their current topic. Answer choice (A) is evident and won’t really help, while answer choice (B) would be helpful if we wanted the student to adjust the way they’re writing, not add more. Answer choice (C) would lead the student to write about something totally different, which isn’t the assignment.
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